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Ethics, Compliance, and Responsibility Program Logic Model

Before beginning to design and implement any program, management must have a firm understanding of what will be required for the program to be successful: to achieve its expected programs effectively, efficiently, and ethically. A simple, but powerful technique to capture and communicate the what, who, and why of an effective ethics and compliance program is the Program Logic Model.

All management programs have common components. Typically, there is a situation that presents a challenge to management, which it meets by establishing goals and objectives and a strategy and an action plan or a program to accomplish them. Programs, in particular, require input in the form of resources, contributions, and investment. These resources are employed in activities that engage or reach any number of people, groups, and other organizations. These in turn lead to outcomes over the short to long-term. The management challenge is design and implement a program that achieves the outcomes it desires effectively, efficiently, and ethically.

A program logic model helps planners organize their thinking and encourage stakeholder engagement. It is particularly valuable as a graphical display of the principal elements of a program and the cause-and-effect relationships between them.

The principal components of any program can be organized as follows:

  • Situation: the problem or issue that the program is to address is part of a situation within which priorities are set
  • Inputs: resources, contributions, and investments made in response to the situation, which lead to...
  • Outputs: the activities, services, events, and products that reach people, which lead to….
  • Outcomes: the results or changes for individuals, groups, agencies, communities and/or systems.
  • Assumptions: beliefs we have about the program, the people, the environment and the way the program will work
  • External Factors: specific factors in situation, which interact with and influence program action.

Although there is no one right way to approach creating a program logic model, for our purposes, it generally makes sense to start from the desired outcomes and work back through outputs and inputs. We recommend considering a number of program measurements: organization culture and expected program outcomes. Management could begin planning backwards from those.

Program logic models are particularly effective means of describing the elements of a program to the governing board, top management, other employees and other agents, and external stakeholders. Using the following worksheet, it is not uncommon to capture the essential elements of an entire program graphically on one page. It can then be presented graphically while a steering committee or staff uses it talk through the logic of the program.

Click here to view a Program Logic Model worksheet.

For an excellent discussion of developing a program logic model, upon which this presentation is based in part, can be found by clicking here.



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