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Question 3: Organizational Integrity and Applied Ethics.

These works contributed significantly to the development of the Organizational Integrity approach. Arranged by importance to the topic rather than alphabetically or chronologically, they-and other works-may be secured through this site by arrangement with Amazon.com.

Organizational Learning and Flow:

The basic works on flow are by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. But his works are perhaps best understood when read together with Aristotle's Ethics and Politics and other modern writers.

Aristotle identified happiness as the ultimate goal of human beings, but that it was a happiness born of human activity. "Happiness (flourishing) is an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue." Victor Frankl points to the human need for struggling toward a worthwhile goal, freely chosen. Csikszentmihalyi's works, as digested in the answer to question three, bring these together. Peter M. Senge distinguishes between emotional tension (stress) and creative tension. Robert Fritz writes of "structural tension." A UK writer describes this as constructive tension. Patricia Benner, applying the work of Hubert and Stuart Dreyfus, demonstrates how moving from novice to expert also moves from rules-following to intuitive behavior.

Our contribution is to synthesize these writings and show how they can be graphically displayed demonstrating that learning & growth will necessarily follow work that is intrinsically valued.

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